Nouns in English cover a lot of sub-topics that are vital in forming sentences, or even in learning the English language. Singular and plural nouns in English are types of nouns you should all be familiarized with. These have been used every day of our lives and it gives a huge impact in our ways on how to communicate. 

In addition, try to imagine if there are no singular and plural nouns? For example, you cannot differentiate how many candies you have eaten today so you can never tell if it’s good for today; or you cannot tell the veterinarian if how many dogs you have; is it one, two, or many as a result they cannot give you the correct ratio of their food intake. It is hard, right? Therefore, we should all be grateful for the existence of singular and plural nouns in English. 

So, on this topic, we will learn everything there is to know in learning singular and plural nouns in English. 

What are Singular Nouns in English?

nouns in english- singular noun


A singular noun is a type of noun which denotes only one thing, place, person, or one idea. You can easily spot singular whenever it is used in sentences or in normal conversations. This noun usually does not end with -s or -es. Examples of the singular noun are like “boy, girl, teacher, boat, goat, hand, etc.”

Use of Singular Nouns in the Sentence

In forming sentences, singular nouns follow certain rules when it comes to a subject-verb agreement. Singular nouns take the singular form of the verb. 


Incorrect: The boy jump over the fence because of the dog. 

Correct: The boy jumps over the fence because of the dog. 

Incorrect: She sell seashells in the market. 

Correct: She sells seashells in the market. 


We use articles (a, an, and the) to indicate that the noun is singular. You cannot use articles with plural nouns in English. 


  • An apple
  • A country
  • The doctor

Incorrect: My sister keeps doll and dollhouse in her cabinet. 

Correct: My sister keeps a doll and a dollhouse in her cabinet. 

Incorrect: I bought an apples yesterday because I was craving it.

Correct: I bought apples yesterday because I was craving it. 

Abstract nouns

Abstracts nouns are nouns that can be felt, seen, touched, smell, and taste. And, these nouns are singular all throughout; they have no plural form.


  • Love
  • Happiness
  • Peace 
  • Joy
  • Sadness  

Incorrect: Many types of loves are there in the world but my favorite type is a mother’s love. 

Correct: Many types of love are there in the world but my favorite type is a mother’s love.  

What are Plural nouns in English?

Plural nouns pertain to two or more things, idea, places, names, and animals. The appearance of a plural noun usually ends with -s or -es. Some may have different spelling from its singular counterpart. Plural nouns in English that end with -s or -es is called regular nouns. While nouns that take different spelling or there is no change in spelling are called irregular plural nouns. 

Plural Noun Rules

There are many plural noun rules, and because we use nouns so frequently when writing, it’s important to know all of them! The correct spelling of plurals usually depends on what letter the singular noun ends in.

Most of the plural nouns in English takes the regular form. In order to make regular nouns plural, add ‑s to the end of the noun. 


  • cat – cats
  • pencil- pencils
  • house – houses

She bought two bags yesterday at the mall. 

The doctors and nurses gather around because of the medical mission they are planning to have. 

Nouns in English that end with ‑s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z, add ‑es to the end to the end of the word to make it plural.

nouns in english- plural noun

  • grass – grasses
  • bus – buses
  • crush – crushes
  • lunch – lunches
  • tax – taxes

Where do you keep the glasses

Please put the boxes inside the cabinet so that they will not block there way.

In some cases, singular nouns ending in -s or -z, require that you double the -s or -z prior to adding the -es for pluralization.

  • fez –fezzes
  • gas –gasses 

The nouns that end with ‑f or ‑fe, change the -f to ‑ve and add -s to form the plural form. 

  • wife – wives             
  • calf– calves
  • wolf – wolves           
  • knife-knives 

The thieves were caught because of the CCTV footage. 

The bakery down the street sells amazing loaves of bread and cakes, 


There are exceptions for the above rule. These words are the following: 

  • roof – roofs
  • belief – beliefs
  • chef – chefs
  • chief – chiefs 

The roofs of our neighbors are dirty because my brother throws trash on it. 

The chefs have incredible menus, therefore, the customers are lining up. 

Singular nouns that end with –y preceded by a consonant (b,c,d,f,g,….z), change –y to –I and add –es to create a plural form.   

  • city – cities
  • baby – babies 

The nearby cities are bustling with tourist because of the festivals. 

Babies are cute creatures not until they cry because it will really test your patience.

Singular nouns that end with –y preceded by a vowel, simply add an -s to make it plural.

  • ray – rays
  • boy – boys 

The boys are trying to reach the field fast because they will have a game. 

Toys that are not suitable for kids should be wiped from the market in order to avoid bigger problems. 

If the singular noun ends in ‑o, add ‑es to make it plural.

  • potato – potatoes
  • tomato – tomatoes

The red tomatoes are delicious for kinds of pasta however buy it fresh. 

Potatoes are one of the most versatile root crops because it can be used as a dessert or a main course. 


  • photo – photos
  • piano – pianos
  • halo – halos 

The photographer shoots amazing photos so he deserves an exhibit. 

I want to learn how to play different kinds of pianos because I think I’m good at it. 

Foreign language

There are some nouns that are borrowed from a foreign language(s). Moreover, they are still considered as nouns in English. They take 2 forms of pluralization and both of these rules are acceptable. Here are the following

If the singular noun ends in ‑us, the plural ending is frequently ‑i.

  • cactus – cacti/cactuses
  • focus – foci/focuses

 If the singular noun ends in ‑is, the plural ending is ‑es.

  • analysis – analyses
  • ellipsis – ellipses 

The students passed their theses on time in conclusion the graduation was moved earlier. 

 If the singular noun ends in ‑on, the plural ending is ‑a.

  • phenomenon – phenomena
  • criterion – criteria/criterions 

There are inevitable phenomena around us so we should always be prepared. 

The teachers set different criteria for the contest consequently none of it are valid and reliable. 

Some nouns don’t change at all when they’re pluralized.

  • sheep – sheep
  • series – series
  • species – species
  • deer –deer 

The shepherd feeds the sheep regularly consequently the sheep grow healthy. 

Scientists have a certain species of bird that they love to learn as a result they will be going to the Amazon to observe them. 

Plural Noun Rules for Irregular Nouns

nouns in english- irregular noun

Irregular nouns follow no specific rules, so it’s best to memorize these or look up the proper pluralization in the dictionary.

  • child – children
  • goose – geese
  • man – men
  • woman – women
  • tooth – teeth
  • foot – feet
  • mouse – mice
  • person – people 

My teeth are yellowish consequently it’s time to visit my dentist. 

There are mice running in the attic, as a result, my dad bought a cat and let it roam there. 

There are nouns that have no singular form; they always come in pairs and in plural form. If These are the following: 


  • jeans 
  • scissors
  • tongs
  • shoes
  • slippers

I have so many jeans in my closet so I decided to sell some of them. 

He sees that it is impractical to buy an expensive pair of slippers so he settles for the cheapest ones.  

Above all, if you refer to one part of the pair, you may use modifiers.


  • Incorrect: I only have one jeans in the closet. 
  • Correct: I only have one pair of jeans in the closet. 
  • Incorrect: She lost her one slipper. 
  • Correct: She lost her half part of her slippers.   

For more quality tips, facts, and lessons, you may read these blogs: Complements: Subjective and Objective

English Sentences: Subjects and Predicates 


1. What do you a type of noun that refers to only one thing?

Correct! Wrong!

2. Goose: Geese: _______:_______

Correct! Wrong!

3. Which of the following is not part of the group?

Correct! Wrong!