Punctuation marks are essential when you are writing just like parts of the speech. They show the reader where sentences start and finish and if they are used properly they make your writing easy to understand.

There are many punctuation marks in the English language, and each of these marks has an individual function. You just have to further your learning and study to encounter all of these marks.

So, this blog gives practical guidance on how to use commas, semicolons, and other types of punctuation correctly, so that your writing will always be clear and effective.

We will also teach you the different uses of every punctuation. This is important in writing because it helps your write-up become clearer and it will convey the proper emotion of the message. This is also viable in speaking for a reason that the delivery of each word and sentences will become more appealing and with depth.

On this blog, you will learn the different punctuation marks and its uses.

A comma is one of the examples of punctuation marks.  It is used to give a slight pause to some parts of the sentence or some words.

Uses of Commas

To differentiate dependent clause from independent clauses that are in complex sentences, use comma.

Examples:

  • I saw that she was busy, and prepared to leave.
  • If you are not sure about this, let me know now.
  • After he walked all the way home, he shut the door.

In direct speech, use the comma to separate the quoted speech and the reported verb.

Examples:

  • “Where are you?”, he said.
  • He said, “I do not believe because I know you know the answer.”
  • “Come home now.”, We pleaded. “No, I will stay her so please go home.”, he said.

We use a comma to separate one idea from another. Moreover, the last comma before the last list could be present or not. The final comma in these lists (before the word ‘and’) is known as the ‘serial comma’.

Nowadays, putting the serial comma or the Oxford comma is widely used because its essence is clearer than the absence of it.

Examples:

  • We had coffee, cheese and crackers, and grapes.
  • My hobbies are reading, cooking, and collecting stamps.
  • I will be traveling in New York, Canada, and New Zealand this fall.

Used in appositives

An appositive is one of the uses of nouns in a sentence where the subject is being renamed using another noun. We use a comma to separate the main noun to the other noun that highlights the main noun.

Examples:

  • His fish, Ferbus and Phineas, need to be fed once a day.
  • Louis, my husband, bought me a diamond ring for Valentine’s Day.
  • My childhood home, a yellow and white house, is just down the road.
  • Our best friends, Sammy and Sarah, live in the United  States of America.
  • My favorite movie, Harry Potter, is a big hit nevertheless it possesses a dark side of it.

Period or Full Stop

Punctuation Marks- period

Period (American) or full stop (English) is one of the examples of punctuation marks that are used to stop the required sentence when achieved the full length or achieved the whole idea of the sentence.

Uses of Period/ full stop

Again, a period is used to discontinue the thought of the sentence when the idea has been achieved.

Examples:

  • Mr. Smith is going to marry Ms. Rose this fall.
  • They decided to cancel their trip because of the typhoon.
  • She believes in ever after however she never been into a relationship.
  • I fetched my cousin at the convenience store because she had to money with her.
  • Christmas is the most wonderful time of the year because it is the season of giving.

Abbreviations

You use period when you are abbreviating certain words.

Examples

  • We will have our flight on Dec. 24, 2018.
  • The runner ran a 20km. marathon then he fainted.
  • Mr. Louis John has many businesses across town so he is always busy.
  • Turn your book to p. 39 and read the selection about the brave young hero.
  • My sister will have an appointment with Dr. Louis tomorrow because of the lump in her breast.

Used in websites

Full stop or periods are punctuation marks that are put in web addresses to separate the first part which is called a protocol identifier (www.) from the IP Address (mainenglish.com)

Example:

www.mainenglish.com

www.websocial.co

Colon

The colon’s main uses are divided into three.

Used in clauses

Colon is being put right after the main clause that compliments or relates with the second clause.

Examples:

  • Remember the old saying: Be careful what you wish for.
  • It wasn’t easy: to begin with, I had to find the right house.
  • He got what he worked for: a promotion that paid a higher wage.
  • The host made an announcement: “You are all staying for dinner.”
  • That is the secret of my extraordinary life: always do the unexpected.

Used in introducing a list

A colon is employed to introduce a couple of ideas or list. This is put before the list.

  • Dan plays three sports: softball, soccer, and tennis.
  • I want the following items: butter, sugar, and flour.
  • All students are required to take five classes: math, science, English, history, and music.
  • You may be required to bring many things: sleeping bags, pans, utensils, and warm clothing.

Used in titles or headlines or direct speech

Highlighting a title’s idea or separate a quoted speech is another use of a colon.

Examples:

  • Among with the Martyrs: A History of Young Brave Hero
  • A silence of The Noisy: Deaf’s Culture in the Hearing Society
  • The Sound of Music: An Introduction to Basic Music Lesson

In addition, the hour and minute clock use hyphen to separate them. minutes or clock.

Examples:

  • We will leave at 3:00 in the morning.
  • Our meeting will start at 10:00 a.m.

Hyphen

You can use hyphens to link words or group of words to create a whole new word or idea.

Uses of Hyphen

Use hyphens to merge two or three different words in order to create a new word.

Examples:

  • The good-hearted fella offered his help.
  • My father-in-law does not like our vacation idea.
  • I do not like sugar-free cakes because it is tasteless.

Hyphens can be used to merge a prefix to another word, especially if the prefix ends in a vowel.

Examples:

  • The pre-eminent character of that girl is undeniable.
  • Let’s re-evaluate the decision of the jury, it is not that fair.
  • I would like to take pre-emptive responses in order to avoid further damage.

Used in syllabicating

When you want to break words or syllabicate words always utilize hyphen so that it will be clearer.

Examples

  • leader= lea-der
  • rejoice= re-joice
  • countrymen= count-ry-men

Exclamation Point

Punctuation Marks- Exclamation Mark

An exclamatory sentence uses an exclamation point as a punctuation mark.

To express a strong emotion, [it could be pain, anger, or sadness], use an exclamation point.

Examples:

 

  • You’re such a liar!
  • Wow, I really love you!
  • That birthday cake was so good!
  • What a lovely bouquet of flowers!
  • I got the concert tickets I’ve been dreaming of!

In direct speech,  when you want to emphasize that someone is shouting or the statement is being shouted, use an exclamation point.

Examples:

  • “Hey! you!“, she shouted.
  • “Ugh! Why are you yelling at me?”, she cursed.
  • She said, “You are disgusting so please leave me alone!

Question Mark

Use a question mark to indicate a question.

Uses of a question mark

To show that you are asking a question, utilize a question mark.

Examples:

  • What is your name?
  • To whom shall I give the test results?
  • Which is the best route to the circus?
  • Whose socks are these because it’s disgusting?
  • Who is the best shortstop in the Major Leagues?

Apostrophe

The apostrophe has three main usages. These are showing possession, omission, and pluralizing certain nouns.

Uses of apostrophe

To show possession, use an apostrophe.

Examples:

  • The companies’ workers went on strike together because of the low salary.
  • The two countries’ armies amassed on the border so it is advised to evacuate the war zone..
  • Lu’s and Ricky’s dressing rooms were painted pink and blue due to they are the advocate of gender sensitivity they.
  • My mother-in-law’s recipe for meatloaf is my husband’s favorite and he also takes pride in this food towards his fellow.

Contraction or word omissions, use an apostrophe.

Examples:

  • I am= I’m (I’m not convinced so try harder.)
  • Do Not= Don’t (They don’t believe me because I look like a beggar.)
  • She is not= She isn’t (She isn’t the reason due to she is not really into it.)
  • Should Not= Shouldn’t (We shouldn’t stop learning because there are still so much to learn.)

An apostrophe shows the right way how to pluralize a single letter or a number.

Examples:

  • Find all the 8’s in the puzzle.
  • I have eliminated all A’s in the drill.
  • Encircle those numbers in 2’s, 4’s, and 10’s.

Semicolon

Semicolon marks are punctuation marks that break an idea in a sentence. Also, it is stronger than a comma but weaker than the period.

Use of a semicolon

Examples:

  • I have a big test tomorrow; I can’t go out tonight.
  • Dad is going bald; his hair is getting thinner and thinner.
  • You should stop eating so much food; you will have to go on a diet.
  • They need new brakes; otherwise they may not be able to stop in time.
  • I really like beef, with mushroom sauce; pasta, with Alfredo sauce; and salad, with French dressing.

Quotation Marks

 

Punctuation Marks-Quotation Mark

Quotation mark marks the beginning and the end of speech, passage, or a title.

Use of a Quotation mark

Quotation marks are examples of punctuation marks that enclose passages or speeches.

Examples:

  • “Walk to the corner”, she explained to the child, “and turn left”.
  • The suspect told the arresting officer, “I was nowhere near the crime”.
  • John said, “I really hate when it’s hot outside because I’m sweating so much.”

 

 

Punctuation Marks and Its Uses

Direction: Click the correct answer! Enjoy!

1. She believes in miracle______

Correct! Wrong!

2. Which among of the following sentences best fits "comma"?

Correct! Wrong!

3. Fill in the missing punctuation mark, "What is your name".

Correct! Wrong!