The process of learning English is challenging and complicated. There are many rules to follow, so much vocabulary to learn, and so many spelling words to familiarize with.

But no matter how hard the process of learning English will be, there are ways to break it down in a much simpler context. It could be broken down to its function in the sentence, like “parts of speech”.

The “parts of speech” is a generalized term used for words and its function when being used in the sentence.

Knowing the functionality of the word in the sentence makes the learner understand how it is supposed to be used whenever they feel the need to use it.

Let’s take for example the word “present”. This word could mean two things, a gift or the attendance, depending which part of speech you are referring to. It could mean a gift if it is a noun and an attendance if it is a verb.  Noun and verb are two of the 8 main parts of speech in the English language.

So, let’s start the process of learning English language using the 8 parts of speech and let us explore its usage and importance to achieve English master status.


It names or refers to a person, place, things, events, and animals. It could also name an abstract idea. Nouns are used as the subject [the topic of the sentence] or an object [receives the action of the subject] in the sentence.

Eg. My mother cooked paella for my sister. “Mother” is the subject while “sister” is the object of the sentence.

Eg. Love is what we need in the world. “Love” here is our subject and the noun. Any abstract idea is a noun.


This refers to a word that shows action or it could also be a state of being.

Eg. She walks towards the line. “Walks” is the verb because it shows the action of the subject.


A pronoun is a part of speech which functions as a replacement for a noun. Some examples of pronouns are Iit, he, she, mine, his, hers, we, they, theirs, and ours.

Eg. She is a good girl. The pronoun”she” indicates that the noun is a girl.

That bag is mine. The pronoun “mine” substitute the noun which is the owner.


It describes the noun. An adjective can be a number, condition, origin, color, age, size, shape, or material.

Eg. The works of Leonardo da Vinci are magnificent. The adjective in the sentence is “magnificent”.


If an adjective describes a noun, an adverb describes a verb, adjective, and another adverb.

Eg. Alice runs slowly going into the tunnel. The word “slowly” modifies “run” which is a verb.

Eg.  His jokes are always funny. The adverb is “always” that describes the adjective “funny”.


This part of speech talks about the location or location in time of the noun. Some examples of preposition are above, below, across, in, on, at, and behind.

Eg. Joshua is hiding under the bed. The preposition in the sentence is “under” which talks about the location of the noun “Joshua”.

She lives in Brazil. “In” is the preposition in the sentence that conveys where does the known “she” lives.


To connect words, phrases, or clauses together in a sentence is the function of a conjunction.  And, yet, but, for, nor, or, and so are examples of conjunction.

Eg. Mary and Joseph have had the same car since 2010.  “And” is used to connect the two nouns “Mary and Joseph”.

Louis could not decide if he will go to the mall or visit the zoo. The conjunction “or” was utilized to connect go to the mall and visit the zoo.


This part of speech expresses intense emotions. It is used with an exclamation point.

Eg. Ouch! That hurts so much.

Wow! You look absolutely stunning tonight.

In conclusion, the process of learning English takes a lot of sacrifices and commitment. Also, you must be adept with these parts of speech because these are the most fundamental concept in learning the language. Mastering this will help you become a good writer and a good speaker of the English language.

To know more tips on learning English, read 15 American Slang Words and Phrases You Need to Know