For today’s blog, we explore the different English figures of speech.

We are sometimes at a loss for words because we have too much to say but too little knowledge on how to make it more pleasant to the ear. That’s why there are different English figures of speech who will rescue you.

English figures of speech enhance the writer’s outputs. It adds another layer and taste to the words being used. The effective use of figures of speech brings life to mere words, phrases, or paragraphs.

So, to make your writings and speech more desirable, we give you 10 of the most common English figures of speech to learn and to apply.


Have you ever been calling the name of your imaginary friend? If yes, you are using an apostrophe. Apostrophe is calling out a nonexistent person or an inanimate object as though it were a living object.

Oh, Mother Earth! Sorry for spoiling your beauty.


Everything extra is extra, right? So, when describing something extra, we are using hyperbole. The hyperbole is an extravagant statement or the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis.

Just wash it, it is now a mountain of dirty clothes.


Where did you happen to be stuck in a traffic jam when you already late? Or heavy traffic when you are in a hurry? Or you are having a hard time looking for a pen when you are in dire of it. Well, irony is the word to describe these scenarios. This is the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. Also, the appearance or presentation of the idea is used in a sentence or situation to show a contradiction.

A man buys cctv to secure his home, but during a break-in, the cctvs are off.


We sometimes compared to some things like if we have a big belly, we tend to compare ourselves to a pig. Well, this is a metaphor. A metaphor is an implied comparison between two dissimilar things that have something in common.

The wind is a blanket of ice.


Arf! Arf! That’s sound of a dog and that is an example of onomatopoeia.  This figure of speech uses the words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.

 Quack, quack went the ducks as we threw them our stale bread.


Our world is a world of contradictions. Sometimes, we are cold then we become hot. Sometimes, it’s a yes then it’s a no. To put into words, these contradictions talk about paradoxes. A paradox is a statement that appears to contradict itself.

Every new beginning comes from someone else’s beginnings end.


A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.

 The river swallowed the earth as the water continued to rise higher and higher.


Sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.

I was struggling to figure out how lightning works then it struck me.


Similar to metaphor, a simile states a comparison between two fundamentally dissimilar things that have certain qualities in common. They only differ in one thing, a simile uses words usually formed with “like” or “as”.

Roberto was white as a sheet after he walked out of the horror movie.


Synecdoche refers to a part which is represented as a whole.

Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.

*bread represents all kinds of food.


Metonymy is the opposite of synecdoche. These are words used that is closely associated with the subject.

The pen is mightier than the sword. 

*pen refers to writers, while sword refers to soldiers.


All of these figures of speech add flavors to writing and make us readers be more engrossed in reading.

Read:Learn English with Nouns and Master it Like a Pro