Concrete and abstract nouns are two topics about nouns that cover a big portion of the whole types of nouns. It transcends from numbers to untouchable aspect of the words in the English language. These topics centers primarily on the things seen, felt, heard, taste, and smell to things we cannot comprehend. It covers as well all the types of nouns we know about.

On this topic, we will learn about concrete and abstract nouns and how to use them properly.

What are concrete and abstract nouns?

Concrete Nouns

Concrete Noun_Sample

The concrete noun is a type of noun that simply points out the things we could observe. When observing, we use our 5 senses, sense of hearing, sense of sight, sense of taste, sense of touch, and sense of hearing. In other words, concrete nouns deal with places, things, people, and animals that we could directly touch, see, hear, smell, or hear.  It is simply those nouns that can be experienced physically rather than abstractly.

Examples of Concrete Nouns

Common nouns

A common noun is a type of noun that has no specific or definite name of a person, place, things, animals, and event.

Examples:

dog, spaghetti, school, cellphone, mother

My dog is barking so loud because of someone outside our gate.

The chef is cooking delicious pasta for the guests and the host of the party.

Proper nouns

On the other hand, the proper noun is a type of noun that has a specific or has a definite name of a person, place, thing, animals, and event.

Examples:

Nike, Brazil, Apple, Brownie, Mrs. Smith,

Apple phones are very easy to use so many people buy their phones.

My brother and I lived in South Africa for ten years then we transferred to the Philippines for good.

Countable Nouns

Meanwhile, countable nouns are nouns that can be counted or be numbered, accordingly.

Examples:

chairs, pencils, books, dogs, cities,

I read 10 books for these past few months because I have no job.

The buses are lining up at the side of the road because the area is full of tourists.

Uncountable nouns

The opposite of the countable nouns is the uncountable nouns. This noun refers to nouns that cannot be counted but can be numbered when modifiers are being used.

Examples:

sand, oil, water, hair, air, juice

The sand inside the bottle creates a beautiful image.

My love for you is like the air you cannot see but definitely, you can feel it. 

Collective nouns

Concrete noun- Collective Noun

Collective nouns are nouns that focus on the term used in a certain group of people, places, things, and animals.

Examples:

jury, pack, battalion, bouquet, class, army

The jury did not believe the testimony of the witness nevertheless they hear it out.

He gave his girlfriend a box of chocolate and a bouquet of flowers for their anniversary.

Singular nouns

Singular nouns are that refers to only one person, place, thing, or animal.

Examples:

policeman, table, ball, country, tulips, dog

My father is a doctor in our town.

The cat and the dog are my pets.

Plural Nouns

Plural nouns are being used when you refer to two or more people, places, things, or animals.

Examples:

children, potatoes, knives, boxes, shoes, pencils

She bought expensive kitchen knives for her restaurant.

The children in the village are prone to malnutrition because of the scarcity of healthy food.

What are Abstract Nouns?

Abstract Noun- love

The difference between concrete and abstract nouns lie between the use of our sensory parts. So, it’s easy to spot an abstract noun from the concrete noun because of the absence of the physical five senses in abstract nouns. In simple term, abstract nouns cannot be seen, touched, taste, smell, or even heard. It focuses more on feeling, ideas, concept, quality, event, state, being, and emotions.

Abstract Noun Examples

The following lists contain different types of abstract nouns. These are the following examples for abstract nouns.

Feeling

Examples:

anxiety, confusion, fear, sad, happy, warmth, empathy, satisfaction

Anxiety is a mental health issue we should address now.

Empathy is one of the feelings we need to master because it promotes harmony and respect.

Ideas

Examples:

friendship, dictatorship, community, tradition, wisdom, interest

The wisdom of the old is wiser and richer than the younger generations.

Friendship is more than having someone you can trust with, it is a commitment that you should invest truthfully and respectfully.

Concepts

Examples:

culture, opportunity, perseverance, motivation, victory, energy

Perseverance is the key to success.

To seize the opportunity without complications is one in a lifetime happening, so don’t let it go.

State

Examples:

happiness, anxiety, poverty, luxury, misery, being, chaos

The couple lives in luxury.

Happiness can be from anything and anywhere.

Emotion

Examples:

joy, anger, sadness, despair, happiness, indifference, pain

Pain cannot be avoided.

I’ve got joy down in my heart because God loves me so much.

Qualities

Examples:

beauty, courage, dedication, determination, elegance, determination

Courage is not the absence of fear.

Beauty varies from one person to another.

Events

Examples:

birthday, adolescence, childhood, death, adventure, career

We are bestowed with life and death as well.

Adolescence is the stage where a lot of self- explorations happen.

Rules in using concrete and abstract nouns in a sentence

The abstract noun will always take the singular form. Thus, the verb is in singular form unless a modifier is added to the word or you are pertaining to each and every aspect of it.

Examples:

There are many types of love in the world but my favorite is a mother’s love. 

The joys of being a parent are seeing their kids grow healthy and being kind individuals.

Concrete nouns that fall as a collective noun will always be in singular form. Hence, the verb should be in the singular form as well.

Examples:

The jury did not believe the testimony of the witness nevertheless they hear it out.

He gave his girlfriend a box of chocolate and a bouquet of flowers because he committed something bad.

In capitalizing concrete and abstract nouns, it follows the same rule unless if it is a proper noun.

Examples:

Dogs are loyal animals because they never leave their owners. 

My brother and I lived in South Africa for ten years then we transferred to the Philippines for good.

TEST YOURSELF! Answer our quiz now.

1. Which of the following is an abstract noun?

Correct! Wrong!

2. Identify which of the following is not part of the group?

Correct! Wrong!

3. Concrete: _______: Abstract:_________

Correct! Wrong!